High demands are made of cookware and bakeware due to the great effect of heat when frying and baking: at such high temperatures, no materials and coatings may transfer onto the food, bringing about unjustifiable changes to the composition of the food or an impairment of the organoleptic properties of the food.
In the BfR Recommendation LI, all raw materials with purity requirements and test criteria, such as the requirements on the specific migration of individual substances such as fluorine or primary aromatic amines, are described. The basis of the recommendation is the subdivision into coatings for frying which are heated at the proper temperature of 230°C and coatings for baking with temperatures of up to 140°C.
Regulation on Materials and Articles Intended to come into Contact with Food EU No. 1935/2004
For all materials intended to come into contact with food, the fundamental requirements of the EU framework regulation (EC) no. 1935/2004 apply. This framework regulation covers materials which come into contact with food such as plastic, wood, ceramics or coated kitchen appliances. The aim of the regulation is for all articles which come into contact with food to be procured in such a way that they do not endanger the health of the consumer.
Unlike the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), the American authorities do not recognise regulations for handling dishes which come into contact with food. For the USA, the regulations of the »Code of Federal Regulations Title 21« CFR 21 of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are consulted.
This is a collection of positive listings for the most varied of applications. In 21CFR175.300, only the raw materials for coatings are named which are suitable for contact with foodstuffs. The usual temperatures for frying and baking are not taken into account.
In South American countries, tests following the FDA and EU standards are usually not recognised. Here, the products must comply with the Mercosur Regulations. Members of the Mercosur are Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana and Suriname are associated members and New Zealand and Mexico are observer states.
Of course, other countries such as Japan, Israel, Korea and Singapore have corresponding legislations for consumer goods or are working on such concepts, such as Turkey. In Russia and in the EEU countries, the main focus is on the end product, different than in the EU. This must fulfil the purity and safety requirements defined in the relevant GOST regulations. The test is carried out by state institutes. There are no positive lists here.
The challenge, and therefore also our service, in the area of food law is creating the best possible transparency with regard to country-specific food contact guidelines, and to inform our customers about all the essential aspects and crucial details.